Lachit Borphukan Essay in Assamese: Heroic Tale of a Brave Warrior

Lachit Borphukan, the legendary figure from Assam, holds a prominent place in the annals of Indian history. Known for his indomitable spirit, strategic genius, and unwavering commitment to protecting his motherland, Lachit Borphukan continues to inspire generations with his bravery and patriotism. In this essay, we will delve into the remarkable life of Lachit Borphukan, exploring his achievements, contributions, and the enduring legacy he left behind. So, let us embark on this journey through time to uncover the heroic tale of the Lachit Borphukan Essay in Assamese.

The Early Years: Lachit Borphukan’s Background and Upbringing

Lachit Borphukan was born in 1622 CE in Guwahati, Assam, to Momai Tamuli Borbarua, a distinguished commander in the Ahom kingdom. Growing up in a family with a rich military heritage, Lachit imbibed the values of courage, honor, and sacrifice from an early age. Trained in warfare and tactics, Lachit honed his skills under the guidance of his father and other experienced military leaders.

Rising through the Ranks: Lachit Borphukan’s Military Career

Joining the Ahom Army: A Leap of Faith

At 15, Lachit Borphukan joined the Ahom army, marking the beginning of his illustrious military career. He quickly caught the attention of his superiors with his exceptional leadership abilities and strategic insight. Despite his young age, Lachit displayed remarkable maturity and a deep responsibility toward his troops.

Lachit Borphukan’s Victories: Battles and Conquests

Battle of Itakhuli: Defending Guwahati against Mughal Invasion

One of the most significant events in Lachit Borphukan’s life was the Battle of Itakhuli, fought in 1667 CE. Under the notorious Aurangzeb’s leadership, the Mughal Empire sought to expand its territory into Assam. Guwahati, a strategic location, became the battleground where Lachit Borphukan’s leadership shone brightly.

Table 1: Key Details of the Battle of Itakhuli

DateLocationOpposing ForcesOutcome
1667 CEGuwahatiAhom Army vs. Mughal ArmyAhom Army emerged victorious
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Despite facing a formidable Mughal force, Lachit Borphukan rallied his troops and devised a brilliant defense strategy. His expertise in guerrilla warfare and intimate knowledge of the terrain played a crucial role in repelling the Mughal invasion. Lachit’s unwavering determination and valiant efforts led to a resounding victory for the Ahom army, ensuring the safety of Guwahati and Assam.

Battle of Saraighat: Lachit’s Unforgettable Triumph

The Battle of Saraighat in 1671 CE is a testament to Lachit Borphukan’s military brilliance and heroism. This epic confrontation between the Ahom army and the mighty Mughal Empire occurred on the Brahmaputra River. Lachit’s strategic genius and his ability to unite his forces became the driving force behind this historic triumph.

Table 2: Key Details of the Battle of Saraighat

DateLocationOpposing ForcesOutcome
1671 CEBrahmaputra RiverAhom Army vs. Mughal ArmyAhom Army emerged victorious

In this ferocious battle, Lachit Borphukan employed innovative tactics, such as using iron-spiked bamboo (barbed fences) to thwart the Mughal navy’s advancement. Despite being outnumbered and facing formidable adversaries, Lachit’s leadership and courage led to a resounding victory for the Ahom army. The Battle of Saraighat became a defining moment in Indian history, where a regional force defeated the mighty Mughal Empire.

Lachit Borphukan’s Enduring Legacy

Lachit Borphukan’s legacy extends far beyond his military triumphs. His unwavering dedication to Assam’s cause and commitment to protecting its culture and identity make him an icon of patriotism and bravery. Even today, his inspiring words resonate with the people of Assam, reminding them of the importance of unity and courage in the face of adversity.

Remembering Lachit Borphukan: Monuments and Memorials

Assam pays homage to its hero through various monuments and memorials dedicated to Lachit Borphukan’s memory. One such notable tribute is the Lachit Borphukan statue, erected in Guwahati, which serves as a constant reminder of his courage and leadership. These physical manifestations of respect and remembrance keep the spirit of Lachit Borphukan alive for generations to come.

Lachit Borphukan in Popular Culture: Literature, Art, and Folklore

Lachit Borphukan’s inspiring story has transcended time and has become an integral part of Assamese literature, art, and folklore. Numerous poems, songs, and plays depict his heroic deeds, capturing the people’s imagination and passing down his legacy through the ages. Lachit Borphukan’s tale serves as a source of inspiration for artists and writers, keeping his memory alive in the hearts and minds of the Assamese people.

FAQs about Lachit Borphukan

  1. Who was Lachit Borphukan?
  • Lachit Borphukan was a brave military commander in the Ahom kingdom of Assam. He is renowned for his leadership during battles against the Mughal Empire.
  1. When did Lachit Borphukan live?
  • Lachit Borphukan lived during the 17th century, from 1622 CE to 1672 CE.
  1. What were Lachit Borphukan’s major achievements?
  • Lachit Borphukan’s major achievements include his victories in the Battle of Itakhuli and the Battle of Saraighat, where he defended Assam against Mughal invasions.
  1. How did Lachit Borphukan inspire his troops?
  • Lachit Borphukan inspired his troops through his exemplary leadership, strategic brilliance, and unwavering commitment to protecting Assam.
  1. What is the significance of the Battle of Saraighat?
  • The Battle of Saraighat, won by Lachit Borphukan, is a significant event in Indian history as it halted the Mughal Empire’s advance into Assam.
  1. What is Lachit Borphukan’s legacy?
  • Lachit Borphukan’s legacy lies in his bravery, patriotism, and enduring impact on Assamese culture and identity.


Lachit Borphukan, the fearless warrior of Assam, etched his name in the annals of history through his courage and leadership. His victories in the Battle of Itakhuli and the Battle of Saraighat continue to inspire generations, serving as a testament to the power of courage and determination. Lachit Borphukan’s unwavering commitment to protecting his motherland and preserving its culture makes him an icon of patriotism. As Assam remembers its hero, Lachit Borphukan’s spirit lives on, inspiring the present and future generations to embrace bravery and uphold the values he held dear.

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